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Remote Network Monitoring Management Information Base.
S. Waldbusser. May 2000.

 
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Network Working Group S. Waldbusser Request for Comments: 2819 Lucent Technologies STD: 59 May 2000 Obsoletes: 1757 Category: Standards Track Remote Network Monitoring Management Information Base Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved. Abstract This memo defines a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB) for use with network management protocols in TCP/IP-based internets. In particular, it defines objects for managing remote network monitoring devices. This memo obsoletes RFC 1757. This memo extends that specification by documenting the RMON MIB in SMIv2 format while remaining semantically identical to the existing SMIv1-based MIB. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 Table of Contents 1 The SNMP Management Framework .............................. 2 2 Overview ................................................... 3 2.1 Remote Network Management Goals .......................... 4 2.2 Textual Conventions ...................................... 5 2.3 Structure of MIB ......................................... 5 2.3.1 The Ethernet Statistics Group .......................... 6 2.3.2 The History Control Group .............................. 6 2.3.3 The Ethernet History Group ............................. 6 2.3.4 The Alarm Group ........................................ 7 2.3.5 The Host Group ......................................... 7 2.3.6 The HostTopN Group ..................................... 7 2.3.7 The Matrix Group ....................................... 7 2.3.8 The Filter Group ....................................... 7 2.3.9 The Packet Capture Group ............................... 8 2.3.10 The Event Group ....................................... 8 3 Control of Remote Network Monitoring Devices ............... 8 3.1 Resource Sharing Among Multiple Management Stations ... 9 3.2 Row Addition Among Multiple Management Stations .......... 10 4 Conventions ................................................ 11 5 Definitions ................................................ 12 6 Security Considerations .................................... 94 7 Acknowledgments ............................................ 95 8 Author's Address ........................................... 95 9 References ................................................. 95 10 Intellectual Property ..................................... 97 11 Full Copyright Statement .................................. 98 1. The SNMP Management Framework The SNMP Management Framework presently consists of five major components: o An overall architecture, described in RFC 2571 [1]. o Mechanisms for describing and naming objects and events for the purpose of management. The first version of this Structure of Management Information (SMI) is called SMIv1 and described in STD 16, RFC 1155 [2], STD 16, RFC 1212 [3] and RFC 1215 [4]. The second version, called SMIv2, is described in STD 58, RFC 2578 [5], RFC 2579 [6] and RFC 2580 [7]. o Message protocols for transferring management information. The first version of the SNMP message protocol is called SNMPv1 and described in STD 15, RFC 1157 [8]. A second version of the SNMP message protocol, which is not an Internet standards track protocol, is called SNMPv2c and described in RFC 1901 [9] and RFC Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 1906 [10]. The third version of the message protocol is called SNMPv3 and described in RFC 1906 [10], RFC 2572 [11] and RFC 2574 [12]. o Protocol operations for accessing management information. The first set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is described in STD 15, RFC 1157 [8]. A second set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is described in RFC 1905 [13]. o A set of fundamental applications described in RFC 2573 [14] and the view-based access control mechanism described in RFC 2575 [15]. A more detailed introduction to the current SNMP Management Framework can be found in RFC 2570 [22]. Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the SMI. This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2. A MIB conforming to the SMIv1 can be produced through the appropriate translations. The resulting translated MIB must be semantically equivalent, except where objects or events are omitted because no translation is possible (use of Counter64). Some machine readable information in SMIv2 will be converted into textual descriptions in SMIv1 during the translation process. However, this loss of machine readable information is not considered to change the semantics of the MIB. 2. Overview Remote network monitoring devices, often called monitors or probes, are instruments that exist for the purpose of managing a network. Often these remote probes are stand-alone devices and devote significant internal resources for the sole purpose of managing a network. An organization may employ many of these devices, one per network segment, to manage its internet. In addition, these devices may be used for a network management service provider to access a client network, often geographically remote. The objects defined in this document are intended as an interface between an RMON agent and an RMON management application and are not intended for direct manipulation by humans. While some users may tolerate the direct display of some of these objects, few will Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 tolerate the complexity of manually manipulating objects to accomplish row creation. These functions should be handled by the management application. While most of the objects in this document are suitable for the management of any type of network, there are some which are specific to managing Ethernet networks. These are the objects in the etherStatsTable, the etherHistoryTable, and some attributes of the filterPktStatus and capturBufferPacketStatus objects. The design of this MIB allows similar objects to be defined for other network types. It is intended that future versions of this document and additional documents will define extensions for other network types. There are a number of companion documents to the RMON MIB. The Token Ring RMON MIB [19] provides objects specific to managing Token Ring networks. The RMON-2 MIB [20] extends RMON by providing RMON analysis up to the application layer. The SMON MIB [21] extends RMON by providing RMON analysis for switched networks. 2.1. Remote Network Management Goals o Offline Operation There are sometimes conditions when a management station will not be in constant contact with its remote monitoring devices. This is sometimes by design in an attempt to lower communications costs (especially when communicating over a WAN or dialup link), or by accident as network failures affect the communications between the management station and the probe. For this reason, this MIB allows a probe to be configured to perform diagnostics and to collect statistics continuously, even when communication with the management station may not be possible or efficient. The probe may then attempt to notify the management station when an exceptional condition occurs. Thus, even in circumstances where communication between management station and probe is not continuous, fault, performance, and configuration information may be continuously accumulated and communicated to the management station conveniently and efficiently. o Proactive Monitoring Given the resources available on the monitor, it is potentially helpful for it continuously to run diagnostics and to log network performance. The monitor is always available at the onset of any failure. It can notify the management station of the failure and can store historical statistical information Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 about the failure. This historical information can be played back by the management station in an attempt to perform further diagnosis into the cause of the problem. o Problem Detection and Reporting The monitor can be configured to recognize conditions, most notably error conditions, and continuously to check for them. When one of these conditions occurs, the event may be logged, and management stations may be notified in a number of ways. o Value Added Data Because a remote monitoring device represents a network resource dedicated exclusively to network management functions, and because it is located directly on the monitored portion of the network, the remote network monitoring device has the opportunity to add significant value to the data it collects. For instance, by highlighting those hosts on the network that generate the most traffic or errors, the probe can give the management station precisely the information it needs to solve a class of problems. o Multiple Managers An organization may have multiple management stations for different units of the organization, for different functions (e.g. engineering and operations), and in an attempt to provide disaster recovery. Because environments with multiple management stations are common, the remote network monitoring device has to deal with more than own management station, potentially using its resources concurrently. 2.2. Textual Conventions Two new data types are introduced as a textual convention in this MIB document, OwnerString and EntryStatus. 2.3. Structure of MIB The objects are arranged into the following groups: - ethernet statistics - history control - ethernet history - alarm - host Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 - hostTopN - matrix - filter - packet capture - event These groups are the basic unit of conformance. If a remote monitoring device implements a group, then it must implement all objects in that group. For example, a managed agent that implements the host group must implement the hostControlTable, the hostTable and the hostTimeTable. While this section provides an overview of grouping and conformance information for this MIB, the authoritative reference for such information is contained in the MODULE-COMPLIANCE and OBJECT-GROUP macros later in this MIB. All groups in this MIB are optional. Implementations of this MIB must also implement the system group of MIB-II [16] and the IF-MIB [17]. MIB-II may also mandate the implementation of additional groups. These groups are defined to provide a means of assigning object identifiers, and to provide a method for implementors of managed agents to know which objects they must implement. 2.3.1. The Ethernet Statistics Group The ethernet statistics group contains statistics measured by the probe for each monitored Ethernet interface on this device. This group consists of the etherStatsTable. 2.3.2. The History Control Group The history control group controls the periodic statistical sampling of data from various types of networks. This group consists of the historyControlTable. 2.3.3. The Ethernet History Group The ethernet history group records periodic statistical samples from an ethernet network and stores them for later retrieval. This group consists of the etherHistoryTable. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 2.3.4. The Alarm Group The alarm group periodically takes statistical samples from variables in the probe and compares them to previously configured thresholds. If the monitored variable crosses a threshold, an event is generated. A hysteresis mechanism is implemented to limit the generation of alarms. This group consists of the alarmTable and requires the implementation of the event group. 2.3.5. The Host Group The host group contains statistics associated with each host discovered on the network. This group discovers hosts on the network by keeping a list of source and destination MAC Addresses seen in good packets promiscuously received from the network. This group consists of the hostControlTable, the hostTable, and the hostTimeTable. 2.3.6. The HostTopN Group The hostTopN group is used to prepare reports that describe the hosts that top a list ordered by one of their statistics. The available statistics are samples of one of their base statistics over an interval specified by the management station. Thus, these statistics are rate based. The management station also selects how many such hosts are reported. This group consists of the hostTopNControlTable and the hostTopNTable, and requires the implementation of the host group. 2.3.7. The Matrix Group The matrix group stores statistics for conversations between sets of two addresses. As the device detects a new conversation, it creates a new entry in its tables. This group consists of the matrixControlTable, the matrixSDTable and the matrixDSTable. 2.3.8. The Filter Group The filter group allows packets to be matched by a filter equation. These matched packets form a data stream that may be captured or may generate events. This group consists of the filterTable and the channelTable. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 2.3.9. The Packet Capture Group The Packet Capture group allows packets to be captured after they flow through a channel. This group consists of the bufferControlTable and the captureBufferTable, and requires the implementation of the filter group. 2.3.10. The Event Group The event group controls the generation and notification of events from this device. This group consists of the eventTable and the logTable. 3. Control of Remote Network Monitoring Devices Due to the complex nature of the available functions in these devices, the functions often need user configuration. In many cases, the function requires parameters to be set up for a data collection operation. The operation can proceed only after these parameters are fully set up. Many functional groups in this MIB have one or more tables in which to set up control parameters, and one or more data tables in which to place the results of the operation. The control tables are typically read-write in nature, while the data tables are typically read-only. Because the parameters in the control table often describe resulting data in the data table, many of the parameters can be modified only when the control entry is invalid. Thus, the method for modifying these parameters is to invalidate the control entry, causing its deletion and the deletion of any associated data entries, and then create a new control entry with the proper parameters. Deleting the control entry also gives a convenient method for reclaiming the resources used by the associated data. Some objects in this MIB provide a mechanism to execute an action on the remote monitoring device. These objects may execute an action as a result of a change in the state of the object. For those objects in this MIB, a request to set an object to the same value as it currently holds would thus cause no action to occur. To facilitate control by multiple managers, resources have to be shared among the managers. These resources are typically the memory and computation resources that a function requires. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 3.1. Resource Sharing Among Multiple Management Stations When multiple management stations wish to use functions that compete for a finite amount of resources on a device, a method to facilitate this sharing of resources is required. Potential conflicts include: o Two management stations wish to simultaneously use resources that together would exceed the capability of the device. o A management station uses a significant amount of resources for a long period of time. o A management station uses resources and then crashes, forgetting to free the resources so others may use them. A mechanism is provided for each management station initiated function in this MIB to avoid these conflicts and to help resolve them when they occur. Each function has a label identifying the initiator (owner) of the function. This label is set by the initiator to provide for the following possibilities: o A management station may recognize resources it owns and no longer needs. o A network operator can find the management station that owns the resource and negotiate for it to be freed. o A network operator may decide to unilaterally free resources another network operator has reserved. o Upon initialization, a management station may recognize resources it had reserved in the past. With this information it may free the resources if it no longer needs them. Management stations and probes should support any format of the owner string dictated by the local policy of the organization. It is suggested that this name contain one or more of the following: IP address, management station name, network manager's name, location, or phone number. This information will help users to share the resources more effectively. There is often default functionality that the device or the administrator of the probe (often the network administrator) wishes to set up. The resources associated with this functionality are then owned by the device itself or by the network administrator, and are intended to be long-lived. In this case, the device or the administrator will set the relevant owner object to a string starting with 'monitor'. Indiscriminate modification of the monitor-owned configuration by network management stations is discouraged. In fact, a network management station should only modify these objects under the direction of the administrator of the probe. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 Resources on a probe are scarce and are typically allocated when control rows are created by an application. Since many applications may be using a probe simultaneously, indiscriminate allocation of resources to particular applications is very likely to cause resource shortages in the probe. When a network management station wishes to utilize a function in a monitor, it is encouraged to first scan the control table of that function to find an instance with similar parameters to share. This is especially true for those instances owned by the monitor, which can be assumed to change infrequently. If a management station decides to share an instance owned by another management station, it should understand that the management station that owns the instance may indiscriminately modify or delete it. It should be noted that a management application should have the most trust in a monitor-owned row because it should be changed very infrequently. A row owned by the management application is less long-lived because a network administrator is more likely to re- assign resources from a row that is in use by one user than from a monitor-owned row that is potentially in use by many users. A row owned by another application would be even less long-lived because the other application may delete or modify that row completely at its discretion. 3.2. Row Addition Among Multiple Management Stations The addition of new rows is achieved using the method described in RFC 1905 [13]. In this MIB, rows are often added to a table in order to configure a function. This configuration usually involves parameters that control the operation of the function. The agent must check these parameters to make sure they are appropriate given restrictions defined in this MIB as well as any implementation specific restrictions such as lack of resources. The agent implementor may be confused as to when to check these parameters and when to signal to the management station that the parameters are invalid. There are two opportunities: o When the management station sets each parameter object. o When the management station sets the entry status object to valid. If the latter is chosen, it would be unclear to the management station which of the several parameters was invalid and caused the badValue error to be emitted. Thus, wherever possible, the implementor should choose the former as it will provide more information to the management station. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 10]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 A problem can arise when multiple management stations attempt to set configuration information simultaneously using SNMP. When this involves the addition of a new conceptual row in the same control table, the managers may collide, attempting to create the same entry. To guard against these collisions, each such control entry contains a status object with special semantics that help to arbitrate among the managers. If an attempt is made with the row addition mechanism to create such a status object and that object already exists, an error is returned. When more than one manager simultaneously attempts to create the same conceptual row, only the first can succeed. The others will receive an error. When a manager wishes to create a new control entry, it needs to choose an index for that row. It may choose this index in a variety of ways, hopefully minimizing the chances that the index is in use by another manager. If the index is in use, the mechanism mentioned previously will guard against collisions. Examples of schemes to choose index values include random selection or scanning the control table looking for the first unused index. Because index values may be any valid value in the range and they are chosen by the manager, the agent must allow a row to be created with any unused index value if it has the resources to create a new row. Some tables in this MIB reference other tables within this MIB. When creating or deleting entries in these tables, it is generally allowable for dangling references to exist. There is no defined order for creating or deleting entries in these tables. 4. Conventions The following conventions are used throughout the RMON MIB and its companion documents. Good Packets Good packets are error-free packets that have a valid frame length. For example, on Ethernet, good packets are error-free packets that are between 64 octets long and 1518 octets long. They follow the form defined in IEEE 802.3 section 3.2.all. Bad Packets Bad packets are packets that have proper framing and are therefore recognized as packets, but contain errors within the packet or have an invalid length. For example, on Ethernet, bad packets have a valid preamble and SFD, but have a bad CRC, or are either shorter than 64 octets or longer than 1518 octets. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 11]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 5. Definitions RMON-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, OBJECT-IDENTITY, NOTIFICATION-TYPE, mib-2, Counter32, Integer32, TimeTicks FROM SNMPv2-SMI TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, DisplayString FROM SNMPv2-TC MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP, NOTIFICATION-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF; -- Remote Network Monitoring MIB rmonMibModule MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200005110000Z" -- 11 May, 2000 ORGANIZATION "IETF RMON MIB Working Group" CONTACT-INFO "Steve Waldbusser Phone: +1-650-948-6500 Fax: +1-650-745-0671 Email: waldbusser@nextbeacon.com" DESCRIPTION "Remote network monitoring devices, often called monitors or probes, are instruments that exist for the purpose of managing a network. This MIB defines objects for managing remote network monitoring devices." REVISION "200005110000Z" -- 11 May, 2000 DESCRIPTION "Reformatted into SMIv2 format. This version published as RFC 2819." REVISION "199502010000Z" -- 1 Feb, 1995 DESCRIPTION "Bug fixes, clarifications and minor changes based on implementation experience, published as RFC1757 [18]. Two changes were made to object definitions: 1) A new status bit has been defined for the captureBufferPacketStatus object, indicating that the packet order within the capture buffer may not be identical to the packet order as received off the wire. This bit may only Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 12]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 be used for packets transmitted by the probe. Older NMS applications can safely ignore this status bit, which might be used by newer agents. 2) The packetMatch trap has been removed. This trap was never actually 'approved' and was not added to this document along with the risingAlarm and fallingAlarm traps. The packetMatch trap could not be throttled, which could cause disruption of normal network traffic under some circumstances. An NMS should configure a risingAlarm threshold on the appropriate channelMatches instance if a trap is desired for a packetMatch event. Note that logging of packetMatch events is still supported--only trap generation for such events has been removed. In addition, several clarifications to individual object definitions have been added to assist agent and NMS implementors: - global definition of 'good packets' and 'bad packets' - more detailed text governing conceptual row creation and modification - instructions for probes relating to interface changes and disruptions - clarification of some ethernet counter definitions - recommended formula for calculating network utilization - clarification of channel and captureBuffer behavior for some unusual conditions - examples of proper instance naming for each table" REVISION "199111010000Z" -- 1 Nov, 1991 DESCRIPTION "The original version of this MIB, published as RFC1271." ::= { rmonConformance 8 } rmon OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { mib-2 16 } -- textual conventions OwnerString ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 13]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to model an administratively assigned name of the owner of a resource. Implementations must accept values composed of well-formed NVT ASCII sequences. In addition, implementations should accept values composed of well-formed UTF-8 sequences. It is suggested that this name contain one or more of the following: IP address, management station name, network manager's name, location, or phone number. In some cases the agent itself will be the owner of an entry. In these cases, this string shall be set to a string starting with 'monitor'. SNMP access control is articulated entirely in terms of the contents of MIB views; access to a particular SNMP object instance depends only upon its presence or absence in a particular MIB view and never upon its value or the value of related object instances. Thus, objects of this type afford resolution of resource contention only among cooperating managers; they realize no access control function with respect to uncooperative parties." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (0..127)) EntryStatus ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of a table entry. Setting this object to the value invalid(4) has the effect of invalidating the corresponding entry. That is, it effectively disassociates the mapping identified with said entry. It is an implementation-specific matter as to whether the agent removes an invalidated entry from the table. Accordingly, management stations must be prepared to receive tabular information from agents that corresponds to entries currently not in use. Proper interpretation of such entries requires examination of the relevant EntryStatus object. An existing instance of this object cannot be set to createRequest(2). This object may only be set to createRequest(2) when this instance is created. When this object is created, the agent may wish to create supplemental object instances with default values to complete a conceptual row in this table. Because the Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 14]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 creation of these default objects is entirely at the option of the agent, the manager must not assume that any will be created, but may make use of any that are created. Immediately after completing the create operation, the agent must set this object to underCreation(3). When in the underCreation(3) state, an entry is allowed to exist in a possibly incomplete, possibly inconsistent state, usually to allow it to be modified in multiple PDUs. When in this state, an entry is not fully active. Entries shall exist in the underCreation(3) state until the management station is finished configuring the entry and sets this object to valid(1) or aborts, setting this object to invalid(4). If the agent determines that an entry has been in the underCreation(3) state for an abnormally long time, it may decide that the management station has crashed. If the agent makes this decision, it may set this object to invalid(4) to reclaim the entry. A prudent agent will understand that the management station may need to wait for human input and will allow for that possibility in its determination of this abnormally long period. An entry in the valid(1) state is fully configured and consistent and fully represents the configuration or operation such a row is intended to represent. For example, it could be a statistical function that is configured and active, or a filter that is available in the list of filters processed by the packet capture process. A manager is restricted to changing the state of an entry in the following ways: To: valid createRequest underCreation invalid From: valid OK NO OK OK createRequest N/A N/A N/A N/A underCreation OK NO OK OK invalid NO NO NO OK nonExistent NO OK NO OK In the table above, it is not applicable to move the state from the createRequest state to any other state because the manager will never find the variable in that state. The nonExistent state is not a value of the enumeration, rather it means that the entryStatus variable does not exist at all. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 15]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 An agent may allow an entryStatus variable to change state in additional ways, so long as the semantics of the states are followed. This allowance is made to ease the implementation of the agent and is made despite the fact that managers should never exercise these additional state transitions." SYNTAX INTEGER { valid(1), createRequest(2), underCreation(3), invalid(4) } statistics OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 1 } history OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 2 } alarm OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 3 } hosts OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 4 } hostTopN OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 5 } matrix OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 6 } filter OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 7 } capture OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 8 } event OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 9 } rmonConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmon 20 } -- The Ethernet Statistics Group -- -- Implementation of the Ethernet Statistics group is optional. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The ethernet statistics group contains statistics measured by the -- probe for each monitored interface on this device. These -- statistics take the form of free running counters that start from -- zero when a valid entry is created. -- -- This group currently has statistics defined only for -- Ethernet interfaces. Each etherStatsEntry contains statistics -- for one Ethernet interface. The probe must create one -- etherStats entry for each monitored Ethernet interface -- on the device. etherStatsTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF EtherStatsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of Ethernet statistics entries." ::= { statistics 1 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 16]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 etherStatsEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EtherStatsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of statistics kept for a particular Ethernet interface. As an example, an instance of the etherStatsPkts object might be named etherStatsPkts.1" INDEX { etherStatsIndex } ::= { etherStatsTable 1 } EtherStatsEntry ::= SEQUENCE { etherStatsIndex Integer32, etherStatsDataSource OBJECT IDENTIFIER, etherStatsDropEvents Counter32, etherStatsOctets Counter32, etherStatsPkts Counter32, etherStatsBroadcastPkts Counter32, etherStatsMulticastPkts Counter32, etherStatsCRCAlignErrors Counter32, etherStatsUndersizePkts Counter32, etherStatsOversizePkts Counter32, etherStatsFragments Counter32, etherStatsJabbers Counter32, etherStatsCollisions Counter32, etherStatsPkts64Octets Counter32, etherStatsPkts65to127Octets Counter32, etherStatsPkts128to255Octets Counter32, etherStatsPkts256to511Octets Counter32, etherStatsPkts512to1023Octets Counter32, etherStatsPkts1024to1518Octets Counter32, etherStatsOwner OwnerString, etherStatsStatus EntryStatus } etherStatsIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object uniquely identifies this etherStats entry." ::= { etherStatsEntry 1 } etherStatsDataSource OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 17]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "This object identifies the source of the data that this etherStats entry is configured to analyze. This source can be any ethernet interface on this device. In order to identify a particular interface, this object shall identify the instance of the ifIndex object, defined in RFC 2233 [17], for the desired interface. For example, if an entry were to receive data from interface #1, this object would be set to ifIndex.1. The statistics in this group reflect all packets on the local network segment attached to the identified interface. An agent may or may not be able to tell if fundamental changes to the media of the interface have occurred and necessitate an invalidation of this entry. For example, a hot-pluggable ethernet card could be pulled out and replaced by a token-ring card. In such a case, if the agent has such knowledge of the change, it is recommended that it invalidate this entry. This object may not be modified if the associated etherStatsStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 2 } etherStatsDropEvents OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of events in which packets were dropped by the probe due to lack of resources. Note that this number is not necessarily the number of packets dropped; it is just the number of times this condition has been detected." ::= { etherStatsEntry 3 } etherStatsOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of octets of data (including those in bad packets) received on the network (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets). Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 18]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 This object can be used as a reasonable estimate of 10-Megabit ethernet utilization. If greater precision is desired, the etherStatsPkts and etherStatsOctets objects should be sampled before and after a common interval. The differences in the sampled values are Pkts and Octets, respectively, and the number of seconds in the interval is Interval. These values are used to calculate the Utilization as follows: Pkts * (9.6 + 6.4) + (Octets * .8) Utilization = ------------------------------------- Interval * 10,000 The result of this equation is the value Utilization which is the percent utilization of the ethernet segment on a scale of 0 to 100 percent." ::= { etherStatsEntry 4 } etherStatsPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets (including bad packets, broadcast packets, and multicast packets) received." ::= { etherStatsEntry 5 } etherStatsBroadcastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of good packets received that were directed to the broadcast address. Note that this does not include multicast packets." ::= { etherStatsEntry 6 } etherStatsMulticastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of good packets received that were directed to a multicast address. Note that this number does not include packets directed to the broadcast Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 19]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 address." ::= { etherStatsEntry 7 } etherStatsCRCAlignErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received that had a length (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) of between 64 and 1518 octets, inclusive, but had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 8 } etherStatsUndersizePkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets long (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed." ::= { etherStatsEntry 9 } etherStatsOversizePkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed." ::= { etherStatsEntry 10 } etherStatsFragments OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 20]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 "The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error). Note that it is entirely normal for etherStatsFragments to increment. This is because it counts both runts (which are normal occurrences due to collisions) and noise hits." ::= { etherStatsEntry 11 } etherStatsJabbers OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets), and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error). Note that this definition of jabber is different than the definition in IEEE-802.3 section 8.2.1.5 (10BASE5) and section 10.3.1.4 (10BASE2). These documents define jabber as the condition where any packet exceeds 20 ms. The allowed range to detect jabber is between 20 ms and 150 ms." ::= { etherStatsEntry 12 } etherStatsCollisions OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Collisions" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment. The value returned will depend on the location of the RMON probe. Section 8.2.1.3 (10BASE-5) and section 10.3.1.3 (10BASE-2) of IEEE standard 802.3 states that a station must detect a collision, in the receive mode, if three or more stations are transmitting simultaneously. A repeater port must detect a collision when two or more Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 21]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 stations are transmitting simultaneously. Thus a probe placed on a repeater port could record more collisions than a probe connected to a station on the same segment would. Probe location plays a much smaller role when considering 10BASE-T. 14.2.1.4 (10BASE-T) of IEEE standard 802.3 defines a collision as the simultaneous presence of signals on the DO and RD circuits (transmitting and receiving at the same time). A 10BASE-T station can only detect collisions when it is transmitting. Thus probes placed on a station and a repeater, should report the same number of collisions. Note also that an RMON probe inside a repeater should ideally report collisions between the repeater and one or more other hosts (transmit collisions as defined by IEEE 802.3k) plus receiver collisions observed on any coax segments to which the repeater is connected." ::= { etherStatsEntry 13 } etherStatsPkts64Octets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were 64 octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 14 } etherStatsPkts65to127Octets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 65 and 127 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 15 } etherStatsPkts128to255Octets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 22]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 128 and 255 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 16 } etherStatsPkts256to511Octets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 256 and 511 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 17 } etherStatsPkts512to1023Octets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 512 and 1023 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 18 } etherStatsPkts1024to1518Octets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 1024 and 1518 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets)." ::= { etherStatsEntry 19 } etherStatsOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 23]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { etherStatsEntry 20 } etherStatsStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this etherStats entry." ::= { etherStatsEntry 21 } -- The History Control Group -- Implementation of the History Control group is optional. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The history control group controls the periodic statistical -- sampling of data from various types of networks. The -- historyControlTable stores configuration entries that each -- define an interface, polling period, and other parameters. -- Once samples are taken, their data is stored in an entry -- in a media-specific table. Each such entry defines one -- sample, and is associated with the historyControlEntry that -- caused the sample to be taken. Each counter in the -- etherHistoryEntry counts the same event as its similarly-named -- counterpart in the etherStatsEntry, except that each value here -- is a cumulative sum during a sampling period. -- -- If the probe keeps track of the time of day, it should start -- the first sample of the history at a time such that -- when the next hour of the day begins, a sample is -- started at that instant. This tends to make more -- user-friendly reports, and enables comparison of reports -- from different probes that have relatively accurate time -- of day. -- -- The probe is encouraged to add two history control entries -- per monitored interface upon initialization that describe a short -- term and a long term polling period. Suggested parameters are 30 -- seconds for the short term polling period and 30 minutes for -- the long term period. historyControlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF HistoryControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 24]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of history control entries." ::= { history 1 } historyControlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX HistoryControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of parameters that set up a periodic sampling of statistics. As an example, an instance of the historyControlInterval object might be named historyControlInterval.2" INDEX { historyControlIndex } ::= { historyControlTable 1 } HistoryControlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { historyControlIndex Integer32, historyControlDataSource OBJECT IDENTIFIER, historyControlBucketsRequested Integer32, historyControlBucketsGranted Integer32, historyControlInterval Integer32, historyControlOwner OwnerString, historyControlStatus EntryStatus } historyControlIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the historyControl table. Each such entry defines a set of samples at a particular interval for an interface on the device." ::= { historyControlEntry 1 } historyControlDataSource OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object identifies the source of the data for which historical data was collected and placed in a media-specific table on behalf of this historyControlEntry. This source can be any interface on this device. In order to identify Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 25]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 a particular interface, this object shall identify the instance of the ifIndex object, defined in RFC 2233 [17], for the desired interface. For example, if an entry were to receive data from interface #1, this object would be set to ifIndex.1. The statistics in this group reflect all packets on the local network segment attached to the identified interface. An agent may or may not be able to tell if fundamental changes to the media of the interface have occurred and necessitate an invalidation of this entry. For example, a hot-pluggable ethernet card could be pulled out and replaced by a token-ring card. In such a case, if the agent has such knowledge of the change, it is recommended that it invalidate this entry. This object may not be modified if the associated historyControlStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { historyControlEntry 2 } historyControlBucketsRequested OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The requested number of discrete time intervals over which data is to be saved in the part of the media-specific table associated with this historyControlEntry. When this object is created or modified, the probe should set historyControlBucketsGranted as closely to this object as is possible for the particular probe implementation and available resources." DEFVAL { 50 } ::= { historyControlEntry 3 } historyControlBucketsGranted OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of discrete sampling intervals over which data shall be saved in the part of the media-specific table associated with this historyControlEntry. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 26]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 When the associated historyControlBucketsRequested object is created or modified, the probe should set this object as closely to the requested value as is possible for the particular probe implementation and available resources. The probe must not lower this value except as a result of a modification to the associated historyControlBucketsRequested object. There will be times when the actual number of buckets associated with this entry is less than the value of this object. In this case, at the end of each sampling interval, a new bucket will be added to the media-specific table. When the number of buckets reaches the value of this object and a new bucket is to be added to the media-specific table, the oldest bucket associated with this historyControlEntry shall be deleted by the agent so that the new bucket can be added. When the value of this object changes to a value less than the current value, entries are deleted from the media-specific table associated with this historyControlEntry. Enough of the oldest of these entries shall be deleted by the agent so that their number remains less than or equal to the new value of this object. When the value of this object changes to a value greater than the current value, the number of associated media- specific entries may be allowed to grow." ::= { historyControlEntry 4 } historyControlInterval OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..3600) UNITS "Seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The interval in seconds over which the data is sampled for each bucket in the part of the media-specific table associated with this historyControlEntry. This interval can be set to any number of seconds between 1 and 3600 (1 hour). Because the counters in a bucket may overflow at their Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 27]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 maximum value with no indication, a prudent manager will take into account the possibility of overflow in any of the associated counters. It is important to consider the minimum time in which any counter could overflow on a particular media type and set the historyControlInterval object to a value less than this interval. This is typically most important for the 'octets' counter in any media-specific table. For example, on an Ethernet network, the etherHistoryOctets counter could overflow in about one hour at the Ethernet's maximum utilization. This object may not be modified if the associated historyControlStatus object is equal to valid(1)." DEFVAL { 1800 } ::= { historyControlEntry 5 } historyControlOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { historyControlEntry 6 } historyControlStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this historyControl entry. Each instance of the media-specific table associated with this historyControlEntry will be deleted by the agent if this historyControlEntry is not equal to valid(1)." ::= { historyControlEntry 7 } -- The Ethernet History Group -- Implementation of the Ethernet History group is optional. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The Ethernet History group records periodic statistical samples -- from a network and stores them for later retrieval. -- Once samples are taken, their data is stored in an entry -- in a media-specific table. Each such entry defines one Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 28]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 -- sample, and is associated with the historyControlEntry that -- caused the sample to be taken. This group defines the -- etherHistoryTable, for Ethernet networks. -- etherHistoryTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF EtherHistoryEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of Ethernet history entries." ::= { history 2 } etherHistoryEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EtherHistoryEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An historical sample of Ethernet statistics on a particular Ethernet interface. This sample is associated with the historyControlEntry which set up the parameters for a regular collection of these samples. As an example, an instance of the etherHistoryPkts object might be named etherHistoryPkts.2.89" INDEX { etherHistoryIndex , etherHistorySampleIndex } ::= { etherHistoryTable 1 } EtherHistoryEntry ::= SEQUENCE { etherHistoryIndex Integer32, etherHistorySampleIndex Integer32, etherHistoryIntervalStart TimeTicks, etherHistoryDropEvents Counter32, etherHistoryOctets Counter32, etherHistoryPkts Counter32, etherHistoryBroadcastPkts Counter32, etherHistoryMulticastPkts Counter32, etherHistoryCRCAlignErrors Counter32, etherHistoryUndersizePkts Counter32, etherHistoryOversizePkts Counter32, etherHistoryFragments Counter32, etherHistoryJabbers Counter32, etherHistoryCollisions Counter32, etherHistoryUtilization Integer32 } etherHistoryIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 29]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The history of which this entry is a part. The history identified by a particular value of this index is the same history as identified by the same value of historyControlIndex." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 1 } etherHistorySampleIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..2147483647) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies the particular sample this entry represents among all samples associated with the same historyControlEntry. This index starts at 1 and increases by one as each new sample is taken." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 2 } etherHistoryIntervalStart OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime at the start of the interval over which this sample was measured. If the probe keeps track of the time of day, it should start the first sample of the history at a time such that when the next hour of the day begins, a sample is started at that instant. Note that following this rule may require the probe to delay collecting the first sample of the history, as each sample must be of the same interval. Also note that the sample which is currently being collected is not accessible in this table until the end of its interval." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 3 } etherHistoryDropEvents OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of events in which packets were dropped by the probe due to lack of resources during this sampling interval. Note that this number is not necessarily the number of packets dropped, it is just the number of times this condition has been Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 30]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 detected." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 4 } etherHistoryOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of octets of data (including those in bad packets) received on the network (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets)." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 5 } etherHistoryPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets (including bad packets) received during this sampling interval." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 6 } etherHistoryBroadcastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets received during this sampling interval that were directed to the broadcast address." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 7 } etherHistoryMulticastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets received during this sampling interval that were directed to a multicast address. Note that this number does not include packets addressed to the broadcast address." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 8 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 31]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 etherHistoryCRCAlignErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets received during this sampling interval that had a length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) between 64 and 1518 octets, inclusive, but had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error)." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 9 } etherHistoryUndersizePkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets received during this sampling interval that were less than 64 octets long (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 10 } etherHistoryOversizePkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets received during this sampling interval that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) but were otherwise well formed." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 11 } etherHistoryFragments OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received during this sampling interval that were less than 64 octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 32]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 octets) had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error). Note that it is entirely normal for etherHistoryFragments to increment. This is because it counts both runts (which are normal occurrences due to collisions) and noise hits." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 12 } etherHistoryJabbers OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets received during this sampling interval that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets), and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error). Note that this definition of jabber is different than the definition in IEEE-802.3 section 8.2.1.5 (10BASE5) and section 10.3.1.4 (10BASE2). These documents define jabber as the condition where any packet exceeds 20 ms. The allowed range to detect jabber is between 20 ms and 150 ms." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 13 } etherHistoryCollisions OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Collisions" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment during this sampling interval. The value returned will depend on the location of the RMON probe. Section 8.2.1.3 (10BASE-5) and section 10.3.1.3 (10BASE-2) of IEEE standard 802.3 states that a station must detect a collision, in the receive mode, if three or more stations are transmitting simultaneously. A repeater port must detect a collision when two or more Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 33]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 stations are transmitting simultaneously. Thus a probe placed on a repeater port could record more collisions than a probe connected to a station on the same segment would. Probe location plays a much smaller role when considering 10BASE-T. 14.2.1.4 (10BASE-T) of IEEE standard 802.3 defines a collision as the simultaneous presence of signals on the DO and RD circuits (transmitting and receiving at the same time). A 10BASE-T station can only detect collisions when it is transmitting. Thus probes placed on a station and a repeater, should report the same number of collisions. Note also that an RMON probe inside a repeater should ideally report collisions between the repeater and one or more other hosts (transmit collisions as defined by IEEE 802.3k) plus receiver collisions observed on any coax segments to which the repeater is connected." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 14 } etherHistoryUtilization OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..10000) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The best estimate of the mean physical layer network utilization on this interface during this sampling interval, in hundredths of a percent." ::= { etherHistoryEntry 15 } -- The Alarm Group -- Implementation of the Alarm group is optional. The Alarm Group -- requires the implementation of the Event group. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The Alarm group periodically takes statistical samples from -- variables in the probe and compares them to thresholds that have -- been configured. The alarm table stores configuration -- entries that each define a variable, polling period, and -- threshold parameters. If a sample is found to cross the -- threshold values, an event is generated. Only variables that -- resolve to an ASN.1 primitive type of INTEGER (INTEGER, Integer32, -- Counter32, Counter64, Gauge32, or TimeTicks) may be monitored in -- this way. -- Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 34]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 -- This function has a hysteresis mechanism to limit the generation -- of events. This mechanism generates one event as a threshold -- is crossed in the appropriate direction. No more events are -- generated for that threshold until the opposite threshold is -- crossed. -- -- In the case of a sampling a deltaValue, a probe may implement -- this mechanism with more precision if it takes a delta sample -- twice per period, each time comparing the sum of the latest two -- samples to the threshold. This allows the detection of threshold -- crossings that span the sampling boundary. Note that this does -- not require any special configuration of the threshold value. -- It is suggested that probes implement this more precise algorithm. alarmTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF AlarmEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of alarm entries." ::= { alarm 1 } alarmEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX AlarmEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of parameters that set up a periodic checking for alarm conditions. For example, an instance of the alarmValue object might be named alarmValue.8" INDEX { alarmIndex } ::= { alarmTable 1 } AlarmEntry ::= SEQUENCE { alarmIndex Integer32, alarmInterval Integer32, alarmVariable OBJECT IDENTIFIER, alarmSampleType INTEGER, alarmValue Integer32, alarmStartupAlarm INTEGER, alarmRisingThreshold Integer32, alarmFallingThreshold Integer32, alarmRisingEventIndex Integer32, alarmFallingEventIndex Integer32, alarmOwner OwnerString, alarmStatus EntryStatus } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 35]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 alarmIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the alarm table. Each such entry defines a diagnostic sample at a particular interval for an object on the device." ::= { alarmEntry 1 } alarmInterval OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The interval in seconds over which the data is sampled and compared with the rising and falling thresholds. When setting this variable, care should be taken in the case of deltaValue sampling - the interval should be set short enough that the sampled variable is very unlikely to increase or decrease by more than 2^31 - 1 during a single sampling interval. This object may not be modified if the associated alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 2 } alarmVariable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The object identifier of the particular variable to be sampled. Only variables that resolve to an ASN.1 primitive type of INTEGER (INTEGER, Integer32, Counter32, Counter64, Gauge, or TimeTicks) may be sampled. Because SNMP access control is articulated entirely in terms of the contents of MIB views, no access control mechanism exists that can restrict the value of this object to identify only those objects that exist in a particular MIB view. Because there is thus no acceptable means of restricting the read access that could be obtained through the alarm mechanism, the probe must only grant write access to this object in Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 36]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 those views that have read access to all objects on the probe. During a set operation, if the supplied variable name is not available in the selected MIB view, a badValue error must be returned. If at any time the variable name of an established alarmEntry is no longer available in the selected MIB view, the probe must change the status of this alarmEntry to invalid(4). This object may not be modified if the associated alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 3 } alarmSampleType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { absoluteValue(1), deltaValue(2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The method of sampling the selected variable and calculating the value to be compared against the thresholds. If the value of this object is absoluteValue(1), the value of the selected variable will be compared directly with the thresholds at the end of the sampling interval. If the value of this object is deltaValue(2), the value of the selected variable at the last sample will be subtracted from the current value, and the difference compared with the thresholds. This object may not be modified if the associated alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 4 } alarmValue OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of the statistic during the last sampling period. For example, if the sample type is deltaValue, this value will be the difference between the samples at the beginning and end of the period. If the sample type is absoluteValue, this value will be the sampled value at the end of the period. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 37]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 This is the value that is compared with the rising and falling thresholds. The value during the current sampling period is not made available until the period is completed and will remain available until the next period completes." ::= { alarmEntry 5 } alarmStartupAlarm OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { risingAlarm(1), fallingAlarm(2), risingOrFallingAlarm(3) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The alarm that may be sent when this entry is first set to valid. If the first sample after this entry becomes valid is greater than or equal to the risingThreshold and alarmStartupAlarm is equal to risingAlarm(1) or risingOrFallingAlarm(3), then a single rising alarm will be generated. If the first sample after this entry becomes valid is less than or equal to the fallingThreshold and alarmStartupAlarm is equal to fallingAlarm(2) or risingOrFallingAlarm(3), then a single falling alarm will be generated. This object may not be modified if the associated alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 6 } alarmRisingThreshold OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A threshold for the sampled statistic. When the current sampled value is greater than or equal to this threshold, and the value at the last sampling interval was less than this threshold, a single event will be generated. A single event will also be generated if the first sample after this entry becomes valid is greater than or equal to this threshold and the associated alarmStartupAlarm is equal to risingAlarm(1) or risingOrFallingAlarm(3). After a rising event is generated, another such event Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 38]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 will not be generated until the sampled value falls below this threshold and reaches the alarmFallingThreshold. This object may not be modified if the associated alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 7 } alarmFallingThreshold OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A threshold for the sampled statistic. When the current sampled value is less than or equal to this threshold, and the value at the last sampling interval was greater than this threshold, a single event will be generated. A single event will also be generated if the first sample after this entry becomes valid is less than or equal to this threshold and the associated alarmStartupAlarm is equal to fallingAlarm(2) or risingOrFallingAlarm(3). After a falling event is generated, another such event will not be generated until the sampled value rises above this threshold and reaches the alarmRisingThreshold. This object may not be modified if the associated alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 8 } alarmRisingEventIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The index of the eventEntry that is used when a rising threshold is crossed. The eventEntry identified by a particular value of this index is the same as identified by the same value of the eventIndex object. If there is no corresponding entry in the eventTable, then no association exists. In particular, if this value is zero, no associated event will be generated, as zero is not a valid event index. This object may not be modified if the associated Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 39]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 9 } alarmFallingEventIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The index of the eventEntry that is used when a falling threshold is crossed. The eventEntry identified by a particular value of this index is the same as identified by the same value of the eventIndex object. If there is no corresponding entry in the eventTable, then no association exists. In particular, if this value is zero, no associated event will be generated, as zero is not a valid event index. This object may not be modified if the associated alarmStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { alarmEntry 10 } alarmOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { alarmEntry 11 } alarmStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this alarm entry." ::= { alarmEntry 12 } -- The Host Group -- Implementation of the Host group is optional. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The host group discovers new hosts on the network by -- keeping a list of source and destination MAC Addresses seen -- in good packets. For each of these addresses, the host group Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 40]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 -- keeps a set of statistics. The hostControlTable controls -- which interfaces this function is performed on, and contains -- some information about the process. On behalf of each -- hostControlEntry, data is collected on an interface and placed -- in both the hostTable and the hostTimeTable. If the -- monitoring device finds itself short of resources, it may -- delete entries as needed. It is suggested that the device -- delete the least recently used entries first. -- The hostTable contains entries for each address discovered on -- a particular interface. Each entry contains statistical -- data about that host. This table is indexed by the -- MAC address of the host, through which a random access -- may be achieved. -- The hostTimeTable contains data in the same format as the -- hostTable, and must contain the same set of hosts, but is -- indexed using hostTimeCreationOrder rather than hostAddress. -- The hostTimeCreationOrder is an integer which reflects -- the relative order in which a particular entry was discovered -- and thus inserted into the table. As this order, and thus -- the index, is among those entries currently in the table, -- the index for a particular entry may change if an -- (earlier) entry is deleted. Thus the association between -- hostTimeCreationOrder and hostTimeEntry may be broken at -- any time. -- The hostTimeTable has two important uses. The first is the -- fast download of this potentially large table. Because the -- index of this table runs from 1 to the size of the table, -- inclusive, its values are predictable. This allows very -- efficient packing of variables into SNMP PDU's and allows -- a table transfer to have multiple packets outstanding. -- These benefits increase transfer rates tremendously. -- The second use of the hostTimeTable is the efficient discovery -- by the management station of new entries added to the table. -- After the management station has downloaded the entire table, -- it knows that new entries will be added immediately after the -- end of the current table. It can thus detect new entries there -- and retrieve them easily. -- Because the association between hostTimeCreationOrder and -- hostTimeEntry may be broken at any time, the management -- station must monitor the related hostControlLastDeleteTime -- object. When the management station thus detects a deletion, -- it must assume that any such associations have been broken, -- and invalidate any it has stored locally. This includes Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 41]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 -- restarting any download of the hostTimeTable that may have been -- in progress, as well as rediscovering the end of the -- hostTimeTable so that it may detect new entries. If the -- management station does not detect the broken association, -- it may continue to refer to a particular host by its -- creationOrder while unwittingly retrieving the data associated -- with another host entirely. If this happens while downloading -- the host table, the management station may fail to download -- all of the entries in the table. hostControlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF HostControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of host table control entries." ::= { hosts 1 } hostControlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX HostControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of parameters that set up the discovery of hosts on a particular interface and the collection of statistics about these hosts. For example, an instance of the hostControlTableSize object might be named hostControlTableSize.1" INDEX { hostControlIndex } ::= { hostControlTable 1 } HostControlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { hostControlIndex Integer32, hostControlDataSource OBJECT IDENTIFIER, hostControlTableSize Integer32, hostControlLastDeleteTime TimeTicks, hostControlOwner OwnerString, hostControlStatus EntryStatus } hostControlIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 42]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 hostControl table. Each such entry defines a function that discovers hosts on a particular interface and places statistics about them in the hostTable and the hostTimeTable on behalf of this hostControlEntry." ::= { hostControlEntry 1 } hostControlDataSource OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object identifies the source of the data for this instance of the host function. This source can be any interface on this device. In order to identify a particular interface, this object shall identify the instance of the ifIndex object, defined in RFC 2233 [17], for the desired interface. For example, if an entry were to receive data from interface #1, this object would be set to ifIndex.1. The statistics in this group reflect all packets on the local network segment attached to the identified interface. An agent may or may not be able to tell if fundamental changes to the media of the interface have occurred and necessitate an invalidation of this entry. For example, a hot-pluggable ethernet card could be pulled out and replaced by a token-ring card. In such a case, if the agent has such knowledge of the change, it is recommended that it invalidate this entry. This object may not be modified if the associated hostControlStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { hostControlEntry 2 } hostControlTableSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of hostEntries in the hostTable and the hostTimeTable associated with this hostControlEntry." ::= { hostControlEntry 3 } hostControlLastDeleteTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 43]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime when the last entry was deleted from the portion of the hostTable associated with this hostControlEntry. If no deletions have occurred, this value shall be zero." ::= { hostControlEntry 4 } hostControlOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { hostControlEntry 5 } hostControlStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this hostControl entry. If this object is not equal to valid(1), all associated entries in the hostTable, hostTimeTable, and the hostTopNTable shall be deleted by the agent." ::= { hostControlEntry 6 } hostTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF HostEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of host entries." ::= { hosts 2 } hostEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX HostEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of statistics for a particular host that has been discovered on an interface of this device. For example, an instance of the hostOutBroadcastPkts object might be named hostOutBroadcastPkts.1.6.8.0.32.27.3.176" INDEX { hostIndex, hostAddress } ::= { hostTable 1 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 44]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 HostEntry ::= SEQUENCE { hostAddress OCTET STRING, hostCreationOrder Integer32, hostIndex Integer32, hostInPkts Counter32, hostOutPkts Counter32, hostInOctets Counter32, hostOutOctets Counter32, hostOutErrors Counter32, hostOutBroadcastPkts Counter32, hostOutMulticastPkts Counter32 } hostAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The physical address of this host." ::= { hostEntry 1 } hostCreationOrder OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that defines the relative ordering of the creation time of hosts captured for a particular hostControlEntry. This index shall be between 1 and N, where N is the value of the associated hostControlTableSize. The ordering of the indexes is based on the order of each entry's insertion into the table, in which entries added earlier have a lower index value than entries added later. It is important to note that the order for a particular entry may change as an (earlier) entry is deleted from the table. Because this order may change, management stations should make use of the hostControlLastDeleteTime variable in the hostControlEntry associated with the relevant portion of the hostTable. By observing this variable, the management station may detect the circumstances where a previous association between a value of hostCreationOrder and a hostEntry may no longer hold." ::= { hostEntry 2 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 45]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 hostIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The set of collected host statistics of which this entry is a part. The set of hosts identified by a particular value of this index is associated with the hostControlEntry as identified by the same value of hostControlIndex." ::= { hostEntry 3 } hostInPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets transmitted to this address since it was added to the hostTable." ::= { hostEntry 4 } hostOutPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets, including bad packets, transmitted by this address since it was added to the hostTable." ::= { hostEntry 5 } hostInOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of octets transmitted to this address since it was added to the hostTable (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets), except for those octets in bad packets." ::= { hostEntry 6 } hostOutOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 46]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of octets transmitted by this address since it was added to the hostTable (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets), including those octets in bad packets." ::= { hostEntry 7 } hostOutErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of bad packets transmitted by this address since this host was added to the hostTable." ::= { hostEntry 8 } hostOutBroadcastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets transmitted by this address that were directed to the broadcast address since this host was added to the hostTable." ::= { hostEntry 9 } hostOutMulticastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets transmitted by this address that were directed to a multicast address since this host was added to the hostTable. Note that this number does not include packets directed to the broadcast address." ::= { hostEntry 10 } -- host Time Table hostTimeTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF HostTimeEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 47]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "A list of time-ordered host table entries." ::= { hosts 3 } hostTimeEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX HostTimeEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of statistics for a particular host that has been discovered on an interface of this device. This collection includes the relative ordering of the creation time of this object. For example, an instance of the hostTimeOutBroadcastPkts object might be named hostTimeOutBroadcastPkts.1.687" INDEX { hostTimeIndex, hostTimeCreationOrder } ::= { hostTimeTable 1 } HostTimeEntry ::= SEQUENCE { hostTimeAddress OCTET STRING, hostTimeCreationOrder Integer32, hostTimeIndex Integer32, hostTimeInPkts Counter32, hostTimeOutPkts Counter32, hostTimeInOctets Counter32, hostTimeOutOctets Counter32, hostTimeOutErrors Counter32, hostTimeOutBroadcastPkts Counter32, hostTimeOutMulticastPkts Counter32 } hostTimeAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The physical address of this host." ::= { hostTimeEntry 1 } hostTimeCreationOrder OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the hostTime table among those entries associated with the same hostControlEntry. This index shall be between 1 and N, where N is the value of Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 48]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 the associated hostControlTableSize. The ordering of the indexes is based on the order of each entry's insertion into the table, in which entries added earlier have a lower index value than entries added later. Thus the management station has the ability to learn of new entries added to this table without downloading the entire table. It is important to note that the index for a particular entry may change as an (earlier) entry is deleted from the table. Because this order may change, management stations should make use of the hostControlLastDeleteTime variable in the hostControlEntry associated with the relevant portion of the hostTimeTable. By observing this variable, the management station may detect the circumstances where a download of the table may have missed entries, and where a previous association between a value of hostTimeCreationOrder and a hostTimeEntry may no longer hold." ::= { hostTimeEntry 2 } hostTimeIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The set of collected host statistics of which this entry is a part. The set of hosts identified by a particular value of this index is associated with the hostControlEntry as identified by the same value of hostControlIndex." ::= { hostTimeEntry 3 } hostTimeInPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets transmitted to this address since it was added to the hostTimeTable." ::= { hostTimeEntry 4 } hostTimeOutPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 49]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets, including bad packets, transmitted by this address since it was added to the hostTimeTable." ::= { hostTimeEntry 5 } hostTimeInOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of octets transmitted to this address since it was added to the hostTimeTable (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets), except for those octets in bad packets." ::= { hostTimeEntry 6 } hostTimeOutOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of octets transmitted by this address since it was added to the hostTimeTable (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets), including those octets in bad packets." ::= { hostTimeEntry 7 } hostTimeOutErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of bad packets transmitted by this address since this host was added to the hostTimeTable." ::= { hostTimeEntry 8 } hostTimeOutBroadcastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets transmitted by this address that were directed to the broadcast address Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 50]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 since this host was added to the hostTimeTable." ::= { hostTimeEntry 9 } hostTimeOutMulticastPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of good packets transmitted by this address that were directed to a multicast address since this host was added to the hostTimeTable. Note that this number does not include packets directed to the broadcast address." ::= { hostTimeEntry 10 } -- The Host Top "N" Group -- Implementation of the Host Top N group is optional. The Host Top N -- group requires the implementation of the host group. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The Host Top N group is used to prepare reports that describe -- the hosts that top a list ordered by one of their statistics. -- The available statistics are samples of one of their -- base statistics, over an interval specified by the management -- station. Thus, these statistics are rate based. The management -- station also selects how many such hosts are reported. -- The hostTopNControlTable is used to initiate the generation of -- such a report. The management station may select the parameters -- of such a report, such as which interface, which statistic, -- how many hosts, and the start and stop times of the sampling. -- When the report is prepared, entries are created in the -- hostTopNTable associated with the relevant hostTopNControlEntry. -- These entries are static for each report after it has been -- prepared. hostTopNControlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF HostTopNControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of top N host control entries." ::= { hostTopN 1 } hostTopNControlEntry OBJECT-TYPE Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 51]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 SYNTAX HostTopNControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A set of parameters that control the creation of a report of the top N hosts according to several metrics. For example, an instance of the hostTopNDuration object might be named hostTopNDuration.3" INDEX { hostTopNControlIndex } ::= { hostTopNControlTable 1 } HostTopNControlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { hostTopNControlIndex Integer32, hostTopNHostIndex Integer32, hostTopNRateBase INTEGER, hostTopNTimeRemaining Integer32, hostTopNDuration Integer32, hostTopNRequestedSize Integer32, hostTopNGrantedSize Integer32, hostTopNStartTime TimeTicks, hostTopNOwner OwnerString, hostTopNStatus EntryStatus } hostTopNControlIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the hostTopNControl table. Each such entry defines one top N report prepared for one interface." ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 1 } hostTopNHostIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The host table for which a top N report will be prepared on behalf of this entry. The host table identified by a particular value of this index is associated with the same host table as identified by the same value of hostIndex. This object may not be modified if the associated hostTopNStatus object is equal to valid(1)." Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 52]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 2 } hostTopNRateBase OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { hostTopNInPkts(1), hostTopNOutPkts(2), hostTopNInOctets(3), hostTopNOutOctets(4), hostTopNOutErrors(5), hostTopNOutBroadcastPkts(6), hostTopNOutMulticastPkts(7) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The variable for each host that the hostTopNRate variable is based upon. This object may not be modified if the associated hostTopNStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 3 } hostTopNTimeRemaining OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of seconds left in the report currently being collected. When this object is modified by the management station, a new collection is started, possibly aborting a currently running report. The new value is used as the requested duration of this report, which is loaded into the associated hostTopNDuration object. When this object is set to a non-zero value, any associated hostTopNEntries shall be made inaccessible by the monitor. While the value of this object is non-zero, it decrements by one per second until it reaches zero. During this time, all associated hostTopNEntries shall remain inaccessible. At the time that this object decrements to zero, the report is made accessible in the hostTopNTable. Thus, the hostTopN table needs to be created only at the end of the collection interval." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 4 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 53]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 hostTopNDuration OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of seconds that this report has collected during the last sampling interval, or if this report is currently being collected, the number of seconds that this report is being collected during this sampling interval. When the associated hostTopNTimeRemaining object is set, this object shall be set by the probe to the same value and shall not be modified until the next time the hostTopNTimeRemaining is set. This value shall be zero if no reports have been requested for this hostTopNControlEntry." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 5 } hostTopNRequestedSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of hosts requested for the top N table. When this object is created or modified, the probe should set hostTopNGrantedSize as closely to this object as is possible for the particular probe implementation and available resources." DEFVAL { 10 } ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 6 } hostTopNGrantedSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of hosts in the top N table. When the associated hostTopNRequestedSize object is created or modified, the probe should set this object as closely to the requested value as is possible for the particular implementation and available Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 54]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 resources. The probe must not lower this value except as a result of a set to the associated hostTopNRequestedSize object. Hosts with the highest value of hostTopNRate shall be placed in this table in decreasing order of this rate until there is no more room or until there are no more hosts." ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 7 } hostTopNStartTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime when this top N report was last started. In other words, this is the time that the associated hostTopNTimeRemaining object was modified to start the requested report." ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 8 } hostTopNOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 9 } hostTopNStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this hostTopNControl entry. If this object is not equal to valid(1), all associated hostTopNEntries shall be deleted by the agent." ::= { hostTopNControlEntry 10 } hostTopNTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF HostTopNEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of top N host entries." ::= { hostTopN 2 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 55]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 hostTopNEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX HostTopNEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A set of statistics for a host that is part of a top N report. For example, an instance of the hostTopNRate object might be named hostTopNRate.3.10" INDEX { hostTopNReport, hostTopNIndex } ::= { hostTopNTable 1 } HostTopNEntry ::= SEQUENCE { hostTopNReport Integer32, hostTopNIndex Integer32, hostTopNAddress OCTET STRING, hostTopNRate Integer32 } hostTopNReport OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object identifies the top N report of which this entry is a part. The set of hosts identified by a particular value of this object is part of the same report as identified by the same value of the hostTopNControlIndex object." ::= { hostTopNEntry 1 } hostTopNIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the hostTopN table among those in the same report. This index is between 1 and N, where N is the number of entries in this table. Increasing values of hostTopNIndex shall be assigned to entries with decreasing values of hostTopNRate until index N is assigned to the entry with the lowest value of hostTopNRate or there are no more hostTopNEntries." ::= { hostTopNEntry 2 } hostTopNAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 56]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The physical address of this host." ::= { hostTopNEntry 3 } hostTopNRate OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The amount of change in the selected variable during this sampling interval. The selected variable is this host's instance of the object selected by hostTopNRateBase." ::= { hostTopNEntry 4 } -- The Matrix Group -- Implementation of the Matrix group is optional. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The Matrix group consists of the matrixControlTable, matrixSDTable -- and the matrixDSTable. These tables store statistics for a -- particular conversation between two addresses. As the device -- detects a new conversation, including those to a non-unicast -- address, it creates a new entry in both of the matrix tables. -- It must only create new entries based on information -- received in good packets. If the monitoring device finds -- itself short of resources, it may delete entries as needed. -- It is suggested that the device delete the least recently used -- entries first. matrixControlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF MatrixControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of information entries for the traffic matrix on each interface." ::= { matrix 1 } matrixControlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX MatrixControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Information about a traffic matrix on a particular Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 57]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 interface. For example, an instance of the matrixControlLastDeleteTime object might be named matrixControlLastDeleteTime.1" INDEX { matrixControlIndex } ::= { matrixControlTable 1 } MatrixControlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { matrixControlIndex Integer32, matrixControlDataSource OBJECT IDENTIFIER, matrixControlTableSize Integer32, matrixControlLastDeleteTime TimeTicks, matrixControlOwner OwnerString, matrixControlStatus EntryStatus } matrixControlIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the matrixControl table. Each such entry defines a function that discovers conversations on a particular interface and places statistics about them in the matrixSDTable and the matrixDSTable on behalf of this matrixControlEntry." ::= { matrixControlEntry 1 } matrixControlDataSource OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object identifies the source of the data from which this entry creates a traffic matrix. This source can be any interface on this device. In order to identify a particular interface, this object shall identify the instance of the ifIndex object, defined in RFC 2233 [17], for the desired interface. For example, if an entry were to receive data from interface #1, this object would be set to ifIndex.1. The statistics in this group reflect all packets on the local network segment attached to the identified interface. An agent may or may not be able to tell if fundamental changes to the media of the interface have occurred and Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 58]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 necessitate an invalidation of this entry. For example, a hot-pluggable ethernet card could be pulled out and replaced by a token-ring card. In such a case, if the agent has such knowledge of the change, it is recommended that it invalidate this entry. This object may not be modified if the associated matrixControlStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { matrixControlEntry 2 } matrixControlTableSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of matrixSDEntries in the matrixSDTable for this interface. This must also be the value of the number of entries in the matrixDSTable for this interface." ::= { matrixControlEntry 3 } matrixControlLastDeleteTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime when the last entry was deleted from the portion of the matrixSDTable or matrixDSTable associated with this matrixControlEntry. If no deletions have occurred, this value shall be zero." ::= { matrixControlEntry 4 } matrixControlOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { matrixControlEntry 5 } matrixControlStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this matrixControl entry. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 59]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 If this object is not equal to valid(1), all associated entries in the matrixSDTable and the matrixDSTable shall be deleted by the agent." ::= { matrixControlEntry 6 } matrixSDTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF MatrixSDEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of traffic matrix entries indexed by source and destination MAC address." ::= { matrix 2 } matrixSDEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX MatrixSDEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of statistics for communications between two addresses on a particular interface. For example, an instance of the matrixSDPkts object might be named matrixSDPkts.1.6.8.0.32.27.3.176.6.8.0.32.10.8.113" INDEX { matrixSDIndex, matrixSDSourceAddress, matrixSDDestAddress } ::= { matrixSDTable 1 } MatrixSDEntry ::= SEQUENCE { matrixSDSourceAddress OCTET STRING, matrixSDDestAddress OCTET STRING, matrixSDIndex Integer32, matrixSDPkts Counter32, matrixSDOctets Counter32, matrixSDErrors Counter32 } matrixSDSourceAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The source physical address." ::= { matrixSDEntry 1 } matrixSDDestAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 60]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "The destination physical address." ::= { matrixSDEntry 2 } matrixSDIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The set of collected matrix statistics of which this entry is a part. The set of matrix statistics identified by a particular value of this index is associated with the same matrixControlEntry as identified by the same value of matrixControlIndex." ::= { matrixSDEntry 3 } matrixSDPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets transmitted from the source address to the destination address (this number includes bad packets)." ::= { matrixSDEntry 4 } matrixSDOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of octets (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) contained in all packets transmitted from the source address to the destination address." ::= { matrixSDEntry 5 } matrixSDErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of bad packets transmitted from the source address to the destination address." ::= { matrixSDEntry 6 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 61]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 -- Traffic matrix tables from destination to source matrixDSTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF MatrixDSEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of traffic matrix entries indexed by destination and source MAC address." ::= { matrix 3 } matrixDSEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX MatrixDSEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of statistics for communications between two addresses on a particular interface. For example, an instance of the matrixSDPkts object might be named matrixSDPkts.1.6.8.0.32.10.8.113.6.8.0.32.27.3.176" INDEX { matrixDSIndex, matrixDSDestAddress, matrixDSSourceAddress } ::= { matrixDSTable 1 } MatrixDSEntry ::= SEQUENCE { matrixDSSourceAddress OCTET STRING, matrixDSDestAddress OCTET STRING, matrixDSIndex Integer32, matrixDSPkts Counter32, matrixDSOctets Counter32, matrixDSErrors Counter32 } matrixDSSourceAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The source physical address." ::= { matrixDSEntry 1 } matrixDSDestAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The destination physical address." ::= { matrixDSEntry 2 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 62]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 matrixDSIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The set of collected matrix statistics of which this entry is a part. The set of matrix statistics identified by a particular value of this index is associated with the same matrixControlEntry as identified by the same value of matrixControlIndex." ::= { matrixDSEntry 3 } matrixDSPkts OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets transmitted from the source address to the destination address (this number includes bad packets)." ::= { matrixDSEntry 4 } matrixDSOctets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of octets (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) contained in all packets transmitted from the source address to the destination address." ::= { matrixDSEntry 5 } matrixDSErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of bad packets transmitted from the source address to the destination address." ::= { matrixDSEntry 6 } -- The Filter Group -- Implementation of the Filter group is optional. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 63]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The Filter group allows packets to be captured with an -- arbitrary filter expression. A logical data and -- event stream or "channel" is formed by the packets -- that match the filter expression. -- -- This filter mechanism allows the creation of an arbitrary -- logical expression with which to filter packets. Each -- filter associated with a channel is OR'ed with the others. -- Within a filter, any bits checked in the data and status are -- AND'ed with respect to other bits in the same filter. The -- NotMask also allows for checking for inequality. Finally, -- the channelAcceptType object allows for inversion of the -- whole equation. -- -- If a management station wishes to receive a trap to alert it -- that new packets have been captured and are available for -- download, it is recommended that it set up an alarm entry that -- monitors the value of the relevant channelMatches instance. -- -- The channel can be turned on or off, and can also -- generate events when packets pass through it. filterTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF FilterEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of packet filter entries." ::= { filter 1 } filterEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX FilterEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A set of parameters for a packet filter applied on a particular interface. As an example, an instance of the filterPktData object might be named filterPktData.12" INDEX { filterIndex } ::= { filterTable 1 } FilterEntry ::= SEQUENCE { filterIndex Integer32, filterChannelIndex Integer32, filterPktDataOffset Integer32, Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 64]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 filterPktData OCTET STRING, filterPktDataMask OCTET STRING, filterPktDataNotMask OCTET STRING, filterPktStatus Integer32, filterPktStatusMask Integer32, filterPktStatusNotMask Integer32, filterOwner OwnerString, filterStatus EntryStatus } filterIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the filter table. Each such entry defines one filter that is to be applied to every packet received on an interface." ::= { filterEntry 1 } filterChannelIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object identifies the channel of which this filter is a part. The filters identified by a particular value of this object are associated with the same channel as identified by the same value of the channelIndex object." ::= { filterEntry 2 } filterPktDataOffset OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The offset from the beginning of each packet where a match of packet data will be attempted. This offset is measured from the point in the physical layer packet after the framing bits, if any. For example, in an Ethernet frame, this point is at the beginning of the destination MAC address. This object may not be modified if the associated filterStatus object is equal to valid(1)." DEFVAL { 0 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 65]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 ::= { filterEntry 3 } filterPktData OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The data that is to be matched with the input packet. For each packet received, this filter and the accompanying filterPktDataMask and filterPktDataNotMask will be adjusted for the offset. The only bits relevant to this match algorithm are those that have the corresponding filterPktDataMask bit equal to one. The following three rules are then applied to every packet: (1) If the packet is too short and does not have data corresponding to part of the filterPktData, the packet will fail this data match. (2) For each relevant bit from the packet with the corresponding filterPktDataNotMask bit set to zero, if the bit from the packet is not equal to the corresponding bit from the filterPktData, then the packet will fail this data match. (3) If for every relevant bit from the packet with the corresponding filterPktDataNotMask bit set to one, the bit from the packet is equal to the corresponding bit from the filterPktData, then the packet will fail this data match. Any packets that have not failed any of the three matches above have passed this data match. In particular, a zero length filter will match any packet. This object may not be modified if the associated filterStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { filterEntry 4 } filterPktDataMask OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The mask that is applied to the match process. After adjusting this mask for the offset, only those bits in the received packet that correspond to bits set in this mask are relevant for further processing by the Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 66]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 match algorithm. The offset is applied to filterPktDataMask in the same way it is applied to the filter. For the purposes of the matching algorithm, if the associated filterPktData object is longer than this mask, this mask is conceptually extended with '1' bits until it reaches the length of the filterPktData object. This object may not be modified if the associated filterStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { filterEntry 5 } filterPktDataNotMask OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The inversion mask that is applied to the match process. After adjusting this mask for the offset, those relevant bits in the received packet that correspond to bits cleared in this mask must all be equal to their corresponding bits in the filterPktData object for the packet to be accepted. In addition, at least one of those relevant bits in the received packet that correspond to bits set in this mask must be different to its corresponding bit in the filterPktData object. For the purposes of the matching algorithm, if the associated filterPktData object is longer than this mask, this mask is conceptually extended with '0' bits until it reaches the length of the filterPktData object. This object may not be modified if the associated filterStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { filterEntry 6 } filterPktStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status that is to be matched with the input packet. The only bits relevant to this match algorithm are those that have the corresponding filterPktStatusMask bit equal to one. The following two rules are then applied to every packet: (1) For each relevant bit from the packet status with the corresponding filterPktStatusNotMask bit set to zero, if the bit from the packet status is not equal to the Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 67]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 corresponding bit from the filterPktStatus, then the packet will fail this status match. (2) If for every relevant bit from the packet status with the corresponding filterPktStatusNotMask bit set to one, the bit from the packet status is equal to the corresponding bit from the filterPktStatus, then the packet will fail this status match. Any packets that have not failed either of the two matches above have passed this status match. In particular, a zero length status filter will match any packet's status. The value of the packet status is a sum. This sum initially takes the value zero. Then, for each error, E, that has been discovered in this packet, 2 raised to a value representing E is added to the sum. The errors and the bits that represent them are dependent on the media type of the interface that this channel is receiving packets from. The errors defined for a packet captured off of an Ethernet interface are as follows: bit # Error 0 Packet is longer than 1518 octets 1 Packet is shorter than 64 octets 2 Packet experienced a CRC or Alignment error For example, an Ethernet fragment would have a value of 6 (2^1 + 2^2). As this MIB is expanded to new media types, this object will have other media-specific errors defined. For the purposes of this status matching algorithm, if the packet status is longer than this filterPktStatus object, this object is conceptually extended with '0' bits until it reaches the size of the packet status. This object may not be modified if the associated filterStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { filterEntry 7 } filterPktStatusMask OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 68]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "The mask that is applied to the status match process. Only those bits in the received packet that correspond to bits set in this mask are relevant for further processing by the status match algorithm. For the purposes of the matching algorithm, if the associated filterPktStatus object is longer than this mask, this mask is conceptually extended with '1' bits until it reaches the size of the filterPktStatus. In addition, if a packet status is longer than this mask, this mask is conceptually extended with '0' bits until it reaches the size of the packet status. This object may not be modified if the associated filterStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { filterEntry 8 } filterPktStatusNotMask OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The inversion mask that is applied to the status match process. Those relevant bits in the received packet status that correspond to bits cleared in this mask must all be equal to their corresponding bits in the filterPktStatus object for the packet to be accepted. In addition, at least one of those relevant bits in the received packet status that correspond to bits set in this mask must be different to its corresponding bit in the filterPktStatus object for the packet to be accepted. For the purposes of the matching algorithm, if the associated filterPktStatus object or a packet status is longer than this mask, this mask is conceptually extended with '0' bits until it reaches the longer of the lengths of the filterPktStatus object and the packet status. This object may not be modified if the associated filterStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { filterEntry 9 } filterOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 69]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 ::= { filterEntry 10 } filterStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this filter entry." ::= { filterEntry 11 } channelTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF ChannelEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of packet channel entries." ::= { filter 2 } channelEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ChannelEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A set of parameters for a packet channel applied on a particular interface. As an example, an instance of the channelMatches object might be named channelMatches.3" INDEX { channelIndex } ::= { channelTable 1 } ChannelEntry ::= SEQUENCE { channelIndex Integer32, channelIfIndex Integer32, channelAcceptType INTEGER, channelDataControl INTEGER, channelTurnOnEventIndex Integer32, channelTurnOffEventIndex Integer32, channelEventIndex Integer32, channelEventStatus INTEGER, channelMatches Counter32, channelDescription DisplayString, channelOwner OwnerString, channelStatus EntryStatus } channelIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 70]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the channel table. Each such entry defines one channel, a logical data and event stream. It is suggested that before creating a channel, an application should scan all instances of the filterChannelIndex object to make sure that there are no pre-existing filters that would be inadvertently be linked to the channel." ::= { channelEntry 1 } channelIfIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object uniquely identifies the interface on this remote network monitoring device to which the associated filters are applied to allow data into this channel. The interface identified by a particular value of this object is the same interface as identified by the same value of the ifIndex object, defined in RFC 2233 [17]. The filters in this group are applied to all packets on the local network segment attached to the identified interface. An agent may or may not be able to tell if fundamental changes to the media of the interface have occurred and necessitate an invalidation of this entry. For example, a hot-pluggable ethernet card could be pulled out and replaced by a token-ring card. In such a case, if the agent has such knowledge of the change, it is recommended that it invalidate this entry. This object may not be modified if the associated channelStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { channelEntry 2 } channelAcceptType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { acceptMatched(1), acceptFailed(2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 71]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 "This object controls the action of the filters associated with this channel. If this object is equal to acceptMatched(1), packets will be accepted to this channel if they are accepted by both the packet data and packet status matches of an associated filter. If this object is equal to acceptFailed(2), packets will be accepted to this channel only if they fail either the packet data match or the packet status match of each of the associated filters. In particular, a channel with no associated filters will match no packets if set to acceptMatched(1) case and will match all packets in the acceptFailed(2) case. This object may not be modified if the associated channelStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { channelEntry 3 } channelDataControl OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { on(1), off(2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object controls the flow of data through this channel. If this object is on(1), data, status and events flow through this channel. If this object is off(2), data, status and events will not flow through this channel." DEFVAL { off } ::= { channelEntry 4 } channelTurnOnEventIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object identifies the event that is configured to turn the associated channelDataControl from off to on when the event is generated. The event identified by a particular value of this object is the same event as identified by the same value of the eventIndex object. If there is no corresponding entry in the eventTable, then no association exists. In fact, if no event is intended for this channel, channelTurnOnEventIndex must be set to zero, a non-existent event index. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 72]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 This object may not be modified if the associated channelStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { channelEntry 5 } channelTurnOffEventIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object identifies the event that is configured to turn the associated channelDataControl from on to off when the event is generated. The event identified by a particular value of this object is the same event as identified by the same value of the eventIndex object. If there is no corresponding entry in the eventTable, then no association exists. In fact, if no event is intended for this channel, channelTurnOffEventIndex must be set to zero, a non-existent event index. This object may not be modified if the associated channelStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { channelEntry 6 } channelEventIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object identifies the event that is configured to be generated when the associated channelDataControl is on and a packet is matched. The event identified by a particular value of this object is the same event as identified by the same value of the eventIndex object. If there is no corresponding entry in the eventTable, then no association exists. In fact, if no event is intended for this channel, channelEventIndex must be set to zero, a non-existent event index. This object may not be modified if the associated channelStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { channelEntry 7 } channelEventStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { eventReady(1), eventFired(2), Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 73]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 eventAlwaysReady(3) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The event status of this channel. If this channel is configured to generate events when packets are matched, a means of controlling the flow of those events is often needed. When this object is equal to eventReady(1), a single event may be generated, after which this object will be set by the probe to eventFired(2). While in the eventFired(2) state, no events will be generated until the object is modified to eventReady(1) (or eventAlwaysReady(3)). The management station can thus easily respond to a notification of an event by re-enabling this object. If the management station wishes to disable this flow control and allow events to be generated at will, this object may be set to eventAlwaysReady(3). Disabling the flow control is discouraged as it can result in high network traffic or other performance problems." DEFVAL { eventReady } ::= { channelEntry 8 } channelMatches OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of times this channel has matched a packet. Note that this object is updated even when channelDataControl is set to off." ::= { channelEntry 9 } channelDescription OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DisplayString (SIZE (0..127)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A comment describing this channel." ::= { channelEntry 10 } channelOwner OBJECT-TYPE Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 74]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { channelEntry 11 } channelStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this channel entry." ::= { channelEntry 12 } -- The Packet Capture Group -- Implementation of the Packet Capture group is optional. The Packet -- Capture Group requires implementation of the Filter Group. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The Packet Capture group allows packets to be captured -- upon a filter match. The bufferControlTable controls -- the captured packets output from a channel that is -- associated with it. The captured packets are placed -- in entries in the captureBufferTable. These entries are -- associated with the bufferControlEntry on whose behalf they -- were stored. bufferControlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF BufferControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of buffers control entries." ::= { capture 1 } bufferControlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX BufferControlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A set of parameters that control the collection of a stream of packets that have matched filters. As an example, an instance of the bufferControlCaptureSliceSize object might be named bufferControlCaptureSliceSize.3" Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 75]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 INDEX { bufferControlIndex } ::= { bufferControlTable 1 } BufferControlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { bufferControlIndex Integer32, bufferControlChannelIndex Integer32, bufferControlFullStatus INTEGER, bufferControlFullAction INTEGER, bufferControlCaptureSliceSize Integer32, bufferControlDownloadSliceSize Integer32, bufferControlDownloadOffset Integer32, bufferControlMaxOctetsRequested Integer32, bufferControlMaxOctetsGranted Integer32, bufferControlCapturedPackets Integer32, bufferControlTurnOnTime TimeTicks, bufferControlOwner OwnerString, bufferControlStatus EntryStatus } bufferControlIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the bufferControl table. The value of this index shall never be zero. Each such entry defines one set of packets that is captured and controlled by one or more filters." ::= { bufferControlEntry 1 } bufferControlChannelIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that identifies the channel that is the source of packets for this bufferControl table. The channel identified by a particular value of this index is the same as identified by the same value of the channelIndex object. This object may not be modified if the associated bufferControlStatus object is equal to valid(1)." ::= { bufferControlEntry 2 } bufferControlFullStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 76]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 spaceAvailable(1), full(2) } MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object shows whether the buffer has room to accept new packets or if it is full. If the status is spaceAvailable(1), the buffer is accepting new packets normally. If the status is full(2) and the associated bufferControlFullAction object is wrapWhenFull, the buffer is accepting new packets by deleting enough of the oldest packets to make room for new ones as they arrive. Otherwise, if the status is full(2) and the bufferControlFullAction object is lockWhenFull, then the buffer has stopped collecting packets. When this object is set to full(2) the probe must not later set it to spaceAvailable(1) except in the case of a significant gain in resources such as an increase of bufferControlOctetsGranted. In particular, the wrap-mode action of deleting old packets to make room for newly arrived packets must not affect the value of this object." ::= { bufferControlEntry 3 } bufferControlFullAction OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { lockWhenFull(1), wrapWhenFull(2) -- FIFO } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Controls the action of the buffer when it reaches the full status. When in the lockWhenFull(1) state and a packet is added to the buffer that fills the buffer, the bufferControlFullStatus will be set to full(2) and this buffer will stop capturing packets." ::= { bufferControlEntry 4 } bufferControlCaptureSliceSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-create Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 77]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of octets of each packet that will be saved in this capture buffer. For example, if a 1500 octet packet is received by the probe and this object is set to 500, then only 500 octets of the packet will be stored in the associated capture buffer. If this variable is set to 0, the capture buffer will save as many octets as is possible. This object may not be modified if the associated bufferControlStatus object is equal to valid(1)." DEFVAL { 100 } ::= { bufferControlEntry 5 } bufferControlDownloadSliceSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of octets of each packet in this capture buffer that will be returned in an SNMP retrieval of that packet. For example, if 500 octets of a packet have been stored in the associated capture buffer, the associated bufferControlDownloadOffset is 0, and this object is set to 100, then the captureBufferPacket object that contains the packet will contain only the first 100 octets of the packet. A prudent manager will take into account possible interoperability or fragmentation problems that may occur if the download slice size is set too large. In particular, conformant SNMP implementations are not required to accept messages whose length exceeds 484 octets, although they are encouraged to support larger datagrams whenever feasible." DEFVAL { 100 } ::= { bufferControlEntry 6 } bufferControlDownloadOffset OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 78]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 "The offset of the first octet of each packet in this capture buffer that will be returned in an SNMP retrieval of that packet. For example, if 500 octets of a packet have been stored in the associated capture buffer and this object is set to 100, then the captureBufferPacket object that contains the packet will contain bytes starting 100 octets into the packet." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { bufferControlEntry 7 } bufferControlMaxOctetsRequested OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The requested maximum number of octets to be saved in this captureBuffer, including any implementation-specific overhead. If this variable is set to -1, the capture buffer will save as many octets as is possible. When this object is created or modified, the probe should set bufferControlMaxOctetsGranted as closely to this object as is possible for the particular probe implementation and available resources. However, if the object has the special value of -1, the probe must set bufferControlMaxOctetsGranted to -1." DEFVAL { -1 } ::= { bufferControlEntry 8 } bufferControlMaxOctetsGranted OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of octets that can be saved in this captureBuffer, including overhead. If this variable is -1, the capture buffer will save as many octets as possible. When the bufferControlMaxOctetsRequested object is created or modified, the probe should set this object as closely to the requested value as is possible for the particular probe implementation and available resources. However, if the request object has the special value Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 79]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 of -1, the probe must set this object to -1. The probe must not lower this value except as a result of a modification to the associated bufferControlMaxOctetsRequested object. When this maximum number of octets is reached and a new packet is to be added to this capture buffer and the corresponding bufferControlFullAction is set to wrapWhenFull(2), enough of the oldest packets associated with this capture buffer shall be deleted by the agent so that the new packet can be added. If the corresponding bufferControlFullAction is set to lockWhenFull(1), the new packet shall be discarded. In either case, the probe must set bufferControlFullStatus to full(2). When the value of this object changes to a value less than the current value, entries are deleted from the captureBufferTable associated with this bufferControlEntry. Enough of the oldest of these captureBufferEntries shall be deleted by the agent so that the number of octets used remains less than or equal to the new value of this object. When the value of this object changes to a value greater than the current value, the number of associated captureBufferEntries may be allowed to grow." ::= { bufferControlEntry 9 } bufferControlCapturedPackets OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Packets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of packets currently in this captureBuffer." ::= { bufferControlEntry 10 } bufferControlTurnOnTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime when this capture buffer was first turned on." Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 80]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 ::= { bufferControlEntry 11 } bufferControlOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it." ::= { bufferControlEntry 12 } bufferControlStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this buffer Control Entry." ::= { bufferControlEntry 13 } captureBufferTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF CaptureBufferEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of packets captured off of a channel." ::= { capture 2 } captureBufferEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX CaptureBufferEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A packet captured off of an attached network. As an example, an instance of the captureBufferPacketData object might be named captureBufferPacketData.3.1783" INDEX { captureBufferControlIndex, captureBufferIndex } ::= { captureBufferTable 1 } CaptureBufferEntry ::= SEQUENCE { captureBufferControlIndex Integer32, captureBufferIndex Integer32, captureBufferPacketID Integer32, captureBufferPacketData OCTET STRING, captureBufferPacketLength Integer32, captureBufferPacketTime Integer32, captureBufferPacketStatus Integer32 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 81]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 captureBufferControlIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The index of the bufferControlEntry with which this packet is associated." ::= { captureBufferEntry 1 } captureBufferIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..2147483647) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the captureBuffer table associated with a particular bufferControlEntry. This index will start at 1 and increase by one for each new packet added with the same captureBufferControlIndex. Should this value reach 2147483647, the next packet added with the same captureBufferControlIndex shall cause this value to wrap around to 1." ::= { captureBufferEntry 2 } captureBufferPacketID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that describes the order of packets that are received on a particular interface. The packetID of a packet captured on an interface is defined to be greater than the packetID's of all packets captured previously on the same interface. As the captureBufferPacketID object has a maximum positive value of 2^31 - 1, any captureBufferPacketID object shall have the value of the associated packet's packetID mod 2^31." ::= { captureBufferEntry 3 } captureBufferPacketData OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The data inside the packet, starting at the beginning of the packet plus any offset specified in the Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 82]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 associated bufferControlDownloadOffset, including any link level headers. The length of the data in this object is the minimum of the length of the captured packet minus the offset, the length of the associated bufferControlCaptureSliceSize minus the offset, and the associated bufferControlDownloadSliceSize. If this minimum is less than zero, this object shall have a length of zero." ::= { captureBufferEntry 4 } captureBufferPacketLength OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Octets" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The actual length (off the wire) of the packet stored in this entry, including FCS octets." ::= { captureBufferEntry 5 } captureBufferPacketTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 UNITS "Milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of milliseconds that had passed since this capture buffer was first turned on when this packet was captured." ::= { captureBufferEntry 6 } captureBufferPacketStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A value which indicates the error status of this packet. The value of this object is defined in the same way as filterPktStatus. The value is a sum. This sum initially takes the value zero. Then, for each error, E, that has been discovered in this packet, 2 raised to a value representing E is added to the sum. The errors defined for a packet captured off of an Ethernet interface are as follows: bit # Error 0 Packet is longer than 1518 octets Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 83]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 1 Packet is shorter than 64 octets 2 Packet experienced a CRC or Alignment error 3 First packet in this capture buffer after it was detected that some packets were not processed correctly. 4 Packet's order in buffer is only approximate (May only be set for packets sent from the probe) For example, an Ethernet fragment would have a value of 6 (2^1 + 2^2). As this MIB is expanded to new media types, this object will have other media-specific errors defined." ::= { captureBufferEntry 7 } -- The Event Group -- Implementation of the Event group is optional. -- Consult the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro for the authoritative -- conformance information for this MIB. -- -- The Event group controls the generation and notification -- of events from this device. Each entry in the eventTable -- describes the parameters of the event that can be triggered. -- Each event entry is fired by an associated condition located -- elsewhere in the MIB. An event entry may also be associated -- with a function elsewhere in the MIB that will be executed -- when the event is generated. For example, a channel may -- be turned on or off by the firing of an event. -- -- Each eventEntry may optionally specify that a log entry -- be created on its behalf whenever the event occurs. -- Each entry may also specify that notification should -- occur by way of SNMP trap messages. In this case, the -- community for the trap message is given in the associated -- eventCommunity object. The enterprise and specific trap -- fields of the trap are determined by the condition that -- triggered the event. Two traps are defined: risingAlarm and -- fallingAlarm. If the eventTable is triggered by a condition -- specified elsewhere, the enterprise and specific trap fields -- must be specified for traps generated for that condition. eventTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF EventEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 84]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 "A list of events to be generated." ::= { event 1 } eventEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EventEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A set of parameters that describe an event to be generated when certain conditions are met. As an example, an instance of the eventLastTimeSent object might be named eventLastTimeSent.6" INDEX { eventIndex } ::= { eventTable 1 } EventEntry ::= SEQUENCE { eventIndex Integer32, eventDescription DisplayString, eventType INTEGER, eventCommunity OCTET STRING, eventLastTimeSent TimeTicks, eventOwner OwnerString, eventStatus EntryStatus } eventIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the event table. Each such entry defines one event that is to be generated when the appropriate conditions occur." ::= { eventEntry 1 } eventDescription OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DisplayString (SIZE (0..127)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A comment describing this event entry." ::= { eventEntry 2 } eventType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { none(1), log(2), Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 85]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 snmptrap(3), -- send an SNMP trap logandtrap(4) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The type of notification that the probe will make about this event. In the case of log, an entry is made in the log table for each event. In the case of snmp-trap, an SNMP trap is sent to one or more management stations." ::= { eventEntry 3 } eventCommunity OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (0..127)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "If an SNMP trap is to be sent, it will be sent to the SNMP community specified by this octet string." ::= { eventEntry 4 } eventLastTimeSent OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime at the time this event entry last generated an event. If this entry has not generated any events, this value will be zero." ::= { eventEntry 5 } eventOwner OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OwnerString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The entity that configured this entry and is therefore using the resources assigned to it. If this object contains a string starting with 'monitor' and has associated entries in the log table, all connected management stations should retrieve those log entries, as they may have significance to all management stations connected to this device" ::= { eventEntry 6 } Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 86]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 eventStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX EntryStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of this event entry. If this object is not equal to valid(1), all associated log entries shall be deleted by the agent." ::= { eventEntry 7 } -- logTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF LogEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of events that have been logged." ::= { event 2 } logEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX LogEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A set of data describing an event that has been logged. For example, an instance of the logDescription object might be named logDescription.6.47" INDEX { logEventIndex, logIndex } ::= { logTable 1 } LogEntry ::= SEQUENCE { logEventIndex Integer32, logIndex Integer32, logTime TimeTicks, logDescription DisplayString } logEventIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..65535) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The event entry that generated this log entry. The log identified by a particular value of this index is associated with the same eventEntry as identified by the same value of eventIndex." Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 87]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 ::= { logEntry 1 } logIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..2147483647) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the log table amongst those generated by the same eventEntries. These indexes are assigned beginning with 1 and increase by one with each new log entry. The association between values of logIndex and logEntries is fixed for the lifetime of each logEntry. The agent may choose to delete the oldest instances of logEntry as required because of lack of memory. It is an implementation-specific matter as to when this deletion may occur." ::= { logEntry 2 } logTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeTicks MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime when this log entry was created." ::= { logEntry 3 } logDescription OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DisplayString (SIZE (0..255)) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An implementation dependent description of the event that activated this log entry." ::= { logEntry 4 } -- Remote Network Monitoring Traps rmonEventsV2 OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Definition point for RMON notifications." ::= { rmon 0 } risingAlarm NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { alarmIndex, alarmVariable, alarmSampleType, alarmValue, alarmRisingThreshold } STATUS current Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 88]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 DESCRIPTION "The SNMP trap that is generated when an alarm entry crosses its rising threshold and generates an event that is configured for sending SNMP traps." ::= { rmonEventsV2 1 } fallingAlarm NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { alarmIndex, alarmVariable, alarmSampleType, alarmValue, alarmFallingThreshold } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The SNMP trap that is generated when an alarm entry crosses its falling threshold and generates an event that is configured for sending SNMP traps." ::= { rmonEventsV2 2 } -- Conformance information rmonCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmonConformance 9 } rmonGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rmonConformance 10 } -- Compliance Statements rmonCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The requirements for conformance to the RMON MIB. At least one of the groups in this module must be implemented to conform to the RMON MIB. Implementations of this MIB must also implement the system group of MIB-II [16] and the IF-MIB [17]." MODULE -- this module GROUP rmonEtherStatsGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Ethernet Statistics Group is optional." GROUP rmonHistoryControlGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON History Control Group is optional." GROUP rmonEthernetHistoryGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Ethernet History Group is optional." GROUP rmonAlarmGroup DESCRIPTION Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 89]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 "The RMON Alarm Group is optional." GROUP rmonHostGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Host Group is mandatory when the rmonHostTopNGroup is implemented." GROUP rmonHostTopNGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Host Top N Group is optional." GROUP rmonMatrixGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Matrix Group is optional." GROUP rmonFilterGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Filter Group is mandatory when the rmonPacketCaptureGroup is implemented." GROUP rmonPacketCaptureGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Packet Capture Group is optional." GROUP rmonEventGroup DESCRIPTION "The RMON Event Group is mandatory when the rmonAlarmGroup is implemented." ::= { rmonCompliances 1 } rmonEtherStatsGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { etherStatsIndex, etherStatsDataSource, etherStatsDropEvents, etherStatsOctets, etherStatsPkts, etherStatsBroadcastPkts, etherStatsMulticastPkts, etherStatsCRCAlignErrors, etherStatsUndersizePkts, etherStatsOversizePkts, etherStatsFragments, etherStatsJabbers, etherStatsCollisions, etherStatsPkts64Octets, etherStatsPkts65to127Octets, etherStatsPkts128to255Octets, etherStatsPkts256to511Octets, etherStatsPkts512to1023Octets, etherStatsPkts1024to1518Octets, etherStatsOwner, etherStatsStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Ethernet Statistics Group." Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 90]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 ::= { rmonGroups 1 } rmonHistoryControlGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { historyControlIndex, historyControlDataSource, historyControlBucketsRequested, historyControlBucketsGranted, historyControlInterval, historyControlOwner, historyControlStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON History Control Group." ::= { rmonGroups 2 } rmonEthernetHistoryGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { etherHistoryIndex, etherHistorySampleIndex, etherHistoryIntervalStart, etherHistoryDropEvents, etherHistoryOctets, etherHistoryPkts, etherHistoryBroadcastPkts, etherHistoryMulticastPkts, etherHistoryCRCAlignErrors, etherHistoryUndersizePkts, etherHistoryOversizePkts, etherHistoryFragments, etherHistoryJabbers, etherHistoryCollisions, etherHistoryUtilization } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Ethernet History Group." ::= { rmonGroups 3 } rmonAlarmGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { alarmIndex, alarmInterval, alarmVariable, alarmSampleType, alarmValue, alarmStartupAlarm, alarmRisingThreshold, alarmFallingThreshold, alarmRisingEventIndex, alarmFallingEventIndex, alarmOwner, alarmStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Alarm Group." ::= { rmonGroups 4 } rmonHostGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { hostControlIndex, hostControlDataSource, hostControlTableSize, hostControlLastDeleteTime, hostControlOwner, hostControlStatus, Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 91]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 hostAddress, hostCreationOrder, hostIndex, hostInPkts, hostOutPkts, hostInOctets, hostOutOctets, hostOutErrors, hostOutBroadcastPkts, hostOutMulticastPkts, hostTimeAddress, hostTimeCreationOrder, hostTimeIndex, hostTimeInPkts, hostTimeOutPkts, hostTimeInOctets, hostTimeOutOctets, hostTimeOutErrors, hostTimeOutBroadcastPkts, hostTimeOutMulticastPkts } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Host Group." ::= { rmonGroups 5 } rmonHostTopNGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { hostTopNControlIndex, hostTopNHostIndex, hostTopNRateBase, hostTopNTimeRemaining, hostTopNDuration, hostTopNRequestedSize, hostTopNGrantedSize, hostTopNStartTime, hostTopNOwner, hostTopNStatus, hostTopNReport, hostTopNIndex, hostTopNAddress, hostTopNRate } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Host Top 'N' Group." ::= { rmonGroups 6 } rmonMatrixGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { matrixControlIndex, matrixControlDataSource, matrixControlTableSize, matrixControlLastDeleteTime, matrixControlOwner, matrixControlStatus, matrixSDSourceAddress, matrixSDDestAddress, matrixSDIndex, matrixSDPkts, matrixSDOctets, matrixSDErrors, matrixDSSourceAddress, matrixDSDestAddress, matrixDSIndex, matrixDSPkts, matrixDSOctets, matrixDSErrors } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Matrix Group." ::= { rmonGroups 7 } rmonFilterGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 92]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 filterIndex, filterChannelIndex, filterPktDataOffset, filterPktData, filterPktDataMask, filterPktDataNotMask, filterPktStatus, filterPktStatusMask, filterPktStatusNotMask, filterOwner, filterStatus, channelIndex, channelIfIndex, channelAcceptType, channelDataControl, channelTurnOnEventIndex, channelTurnOffEventIndex, channelEventIndex, channelEventStatus, channelMatches, channelDescription, channelOwner, channelStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Filter Group." ::= { rmonGroups 8 } rmonPacketCaptureGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { bufferControlIndex, bufferControlChannelIndex, bufferControlFullStatus, bufferControlFullAction, bufferControlCaptureSliceSize, bufferControlDownloadSliceSize, bufferControlDownloadOffset, bufferControlMaxOctetsRequested, bufferControlMaxOctetsGranted, bufferControlCapturedPackets, bufferControlTurnOnTime, bufferControlOwner, bufferControlStatus, captureBufferControlIndex, captureBufferIndex, captureBufferPacketID, captureBufferPacketData, captureBufferPacketLength, captureBufferPacketTime, captureBufferPacketStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Packet Capture Group." ::= { rmonGroups 9 } rmonEventGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { eventIndex, eventDescription, eventType, eventCommunity, eventLastTimeSent, eventOwner, eventStatus, logEventIndex, logIndex, logTime, logDescription } STATUS current DESCRIPTION Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 93]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 "The RMON Event Group." ::= { rmonGroups 10 } rmonNotificationGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP NOTIFICATIONS { risingAlarm, fallingAlarm } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RMON Notification Group." ::= { rmonGroups 11 } END 6. Security Considerations In order to implement this MIB, a probe must capture all packets on the locally-attached network, including packets between third parties. These packets are analyzed to collect network addresses, protocol usage information, and conversation statistics. Data of this nature may be considered sensitive in some environments. In such environments the administrator may wish to restrict SNMP access to the probe. This MIB also includes functions for returning the contents of captured packets, potentially including sensitive user data or passwords. It is recommended that SNMP access to these functions be restricted. There are a number of management objects defined in this MIB that have a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-write and/or read-create. Such objects may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. The support for SET operations in a non-secure environment without proper protection can have a negative effect on network operations. SNMPv1 by itself is not a secure environment. Even if the network itself is secure (for example by using IPSec), even then, there is no control as to who on the secure network is allowed to access and GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects in this MIB. It is recommended that the implementors consider the security features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework. Specifically, the use of the User-based Security Model RFC 2574 [12] and the View-based Access Control Model RFC 2575 [15] is recommended. It is then a customer/user responsibility to ensure that the SNMP entity giving access to an instance of this MIB, is properly configured to give access to the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate rights to indeed GET or SET (change/create/delete) them. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 94]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 7. Acknowledgments This document was produced by the IETF Remote Network Monitoring Working Group. 8. Author's Address Steve Waldbusser Phone: +1-650-948-6500 Fax: +1-650-745-0671 Email: waldbusser@nextbeacon.com 9. References [1] Harrington, D., Presuhn, R., and B. Wijnen, "An Architecture for Describing SNMP Management Frameworks", RFC 2571, April 1999. [2] Rose, M. and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-based Internets", STD 16, RFC 1155, May 1990. [3] Rose, M. and K. McCloghrie, "Concise MIB Definitions", STD 16, RFC 1212, March 1991. [4] Rose, M., "A Convention for Defining Traps for use with the SNMP", RFC 1215, March 1991. [5] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999. [6] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999. [7] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999. [8] Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M. and J. Davin, "Simple Network Management Protocol", STD 15, RFC 1157, May 1990. [9] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2", RFC 1901, January 1996. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 95]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 [10] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Transport Mappings for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1906, January 1996. [11] Case, J., Harrington D., Presuhn R. and B. Wijnen, "Message Processing and Dispatching for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2572, April 1999. [12] Blumenthal, U. and B. Wijnen, "User-based Security Model (USM) for version 3 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)", RFC 2574, April 1999. [13] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Protocol Operations for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1905, January 1996. [14] Levi, D., Meyer, P. and B. Stewart, "SNMPv3 Applications", RFC 2573, April 1999. [15] Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R. and K. McCloghrie, "View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2575, April 1999. [16] McCloghrie, K. and M. Rose, Editors, "Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets: MIB-II", STD 17, RFC 1213, March 1991. [17] McCloghrie, K. and F. Kastenholz, "The Interfaces Group MIB using SMIv2", RFC 2233, November 1997. [18] Waldbusser, S., "Remote Network Monitoring MIB", RFC 1757, February 1995. [19] Waldbusser, S., "Token Ring Extensions to the Remote Network Monitoring MIB", RFC 1513, September 1993. [20] Waldbusser, S., "Remote Network Monitoring Management Information Base Version 2 using SMIv2", RFC 2021, January 1997. [21] Waterman, R., Lahaye, B., Romascanu, D. and S. Waldbusser, "Remote Network Monitoring MIB Extensions for Switched Networks Version 1.0", RFC 2613, June 1999. [22] Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D. and B. Stewart, "Introduction to Version 3 of the Internet-standard Network Management Framework", RFC 2570, April 1999. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 96]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 10. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it has made any effort to identify any such rights. Information on the IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11. Copies of claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF Secretariat. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice this standard. Please address the information to the IETF Executive Director. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 97]
RFC 2819 Remote Network Monitoring MIB May 2000 11. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Waldbusser Standards Track [Page 98]

   

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